The Solomon Islands Water Sector Adaptation Project is a climate change adaptation initiative that focuses on the capacity of targeted communities to adapt to climate change influences on scarce water resources. The Project is guided by Integrated Water Resources Management principles and WASH practices.
The Solomon Islands Government (SIG) is executing the project with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) under a National Implementation Modality (NIM).
The Ministry of Mines, Energy and Rural Electrification (MMERE), and specifically the Water Resources Division (WRD), is the main executing institution and the Ministry is responsible for ensuring that the objectives and components of the Project are delivered as detailed in the Project’s SIWSAP Project Document.
The UNDP is one of the responsible partners to the Project. The organisation provides support to the Project in order to maximise its reach and impact. The UNDP also assists the MMERE to disburse funds through the Project Management Unit (PMU). This is done while keeping to the Project’s key principles of transparency, competitiveness, efficiency and economy. The financial management and accountability for the resources allocated, as well as other activities related to the execution of Project activities, is undertaken by the PMU in close consultation with MMERE and under the supervision of the UNDP Honiara Sub-Office and Fiji Multi-Country Office.
The Project’s key beneficiaries within the Solomon Islands Government are the Environmental Health Division (EHD) within the Ministry of Health and Medical Services (MHMS), the Climate Change Division (CCD), National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) and Solomon Islands Meteorological Services (SIMS) within the Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology (MECDM) and the Ministry of Development Planning and Aid Coordination (MDPAC).
Together with the UNDP, these government Divisions are implementing the Project through financial support from the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF).
Oversight and Management
The Project’s work is overseen by a Project Board (PB) with guidance from a Project Advisory Group and oversight of a Project Director (PS MMERE). The Board is responsible for making management decisions and strategic guidance to the Project. The Board also supports the Project Director and Project Manager in decision making where required. Technical, administrative, and management functions to coordinate and implement the Project on a day-to-day basis is done by the Project Management Unit (PMU), located within the Water Resources Division (WRD) of MMERE in Honiara. The PMU is headed by a Project Manager.
- STATUS: Implementation
- START DATE: 01-Jul-2014
- END DATE: 01-Jun-2018
The impacts of climate change, particularly sea-level rise and pronounced droughts have severe consequences on water and sanitation in the Solomon Islands. The areas which are most vulnerable to SLR are low-lying islands, atolls and flat deltaic regions at the mouth of larger rivers.
Intrusion of salt water from rise in sea level has affected groundwater resources, especially freshwater aquifers (lens) in small atolls and low-lying islands that rely on rainfall or groundwater for their freshwater supply. Droughts have severely affected water supplies and have also damaged crops and livelihoods.
Likewise, climate-related impacts on the quality and quantity of water has a gender dimension; in the context of the ethnic tensions, the safety and security of women and girls are compromised as they need to travel further to collect water, also leading to less time for other activities.
The Project is currently implementing activities in three urban areas and three communities.
- Taro Township, Choiseul Province
- Gizo Township, Western Province
- Tigoa Township, Rennell Bellona Province
- Tuwo Community, Fenualoa Island, Temotu Province
- Ferafalu Community, Manaoba Island, Malaita Province
- Santa Catalina Community, Aorigi Island, Makira-Ulawa Province
Project Objectives and Expected Outcomes
The project objective is to improve the resilience of water resources to the impacts climate change and improve health, sanitation and quality of life, so that livelihoods can be enhanced and sustained in the targeted vulnerable areas.
SIWSAP wants to achieve this through four outcomes:
Outcome 1: Water Sector - Climate Change Adaptation Response Plans formulated, integrated and mainstreamed in water sector-related and in broader policy and development works.
Outcome 2: Increase reliability and improved quality of water supply in targeted areas.
Outcome 3: Investments in cost-effective and adaptive water management interventions and technology transfer.
Outcome 4: Improved governance and knowledge management for CCA in the water sector at the local and national levels.