The Solomon Islands Climate Change Assistance Programme’s (SICAP) main objective is to contribute to climate change adaptation and reduction of vulnerability of people and communities.
Specifically, the Project aims to support the capacity of the Government of Solomon Islands for policy enhancement, coordination and implementation of its national climate change strategy in line with its National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) and National Disaster Risk Management Plan (NDMRP).
The Solomon Islands’ coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to the impact of cyclones and saltwater intrusion. Cyclones can damage agriculture through intense winds and flooding. Coastal erosion and increased intensity of storm surges could impact agricultural productivity across the low-lying areas of the country. Water crises during El Niño-driven droughts may become increasingly common on smaller and more remote atolls. Mangrove degradation, coral bleaching, and increased incidence of nutritional deficiencies due to lower crop yields and diarrheal and vector-borne diseases, are other climate-related issues.
At the start of the programme, in 2009, economic growth reduced to 4.7% from 7.1% in 2008 and 6.4% in 2007. The recession in 2009 prompted widespread expenditure cuts. In addition to this economic growth stalled in 2014, due to the consequences of heavy rainfall that caused floods in April that year.